Extract Images from a website and produce a video out of them

I had a big website with a lot of images embedded inside, which were dynamically added by users. The pictures were all of the same size, so I thought it would be easy to create a video out of it. Here are the steps to reproduce it:

Step 0 – Prerequisites

  • You’ll need python and http://code.google.com/p/youtube-upload/downloads/list to upload the video directly from the server. If you want to upload yourself, ignore this line and step 5.
  • md5sum
  • avconv – on ubuntu, this is available through sudo apt-get install libav-tools

Step 1 – Extract the images

Save the website you’re about to process to a local file, you only need the html part. (This only works with embedded pictures, for static pictures, try downloading the website with wget -m). Call the following script with the filename of the saved HTML-file.

#!/bin/bash
file=${1}
mkdir -p result
echo "Processing ${file}."
cat ${file} | sed -e 's/>/>\n/g; s/<img/\n<img/g; s/^$//g' | grep 'data:image/jpeg;base64' | sed -e 's/<img src="data:image\/jpeg;base64,//; s/" .*//' >out
count=0
while read line
do
let "count+=1"
echo ${line} | base64 -d >$(printf "result/%05d.jpg\n" ${count})
done <out

Step 2 – Images should be unique

We must delete all the files that are twice in our results.

#!/bin/bash
declare -a list=( ./* );
declare -a sums;
cnt=${#list[@]}
 
echo "creating md5sum list"
for ((x = 0; x < $cnt -1; x++))
do
    sums[$x]=`md5sum ${list[$x]} | cut -d ' ' -f 1`
done
 
echo "doing compare"
for ((x = 0; x < $cnt -1; x++))
do
  for ((y = x+1; y < $cnt; y++))
  do
    if [ "${sums[$x]}" == "${sums[$y]}" ];then
      if [ ${list[$x]} != ${list[$y]} ];then
        #remove '#' in next line to enable
        echo "Delete file ${list[$y]}" # && rm -f ${list[$y]}
      fi
    fi
  done
done

Step 3 – Renumber

The avconv-Tool can arrange all the images, but they must start with 00000.jpg and strongly increasing numbers. Therefore, we renumber all the jpg-Files accordingly.

#!/bin/bash
find . -type f -iname '*.jpg' | sort -n >filelist
seq=0
while read line
do
        mv ${line} $(printf "%05d.jpg\n" ${seq})
        let "seq+=1"
done <filelist

Step 4 – Create the video

We want to output a video with 25 fps and want to simulate that the images are a video with 3 fps. If you want slower changes in the images, increase the „-r 3“ to your wishes. If you want it quicker, you can decrease it down to „-r 1“.

avconv -f image2 -r 3 -i %05d.jpg -r 25 out.mpg

Step 5 – Upload to youtube

Make sure that you have the correct username and a channel created. This part is quite tricky, if you keep getting the 403-Error, make sure that you’ve logged in into youtube and you don’t get any Captchas.

python youtube_upload.py --email=USERLOGIN --password=PASSWORD --title="The title" --description="The description" --category=Comedy --keywords="keywords" out.mpg

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